0000002821 00000 n That reading was the difference in pressure between the Lunar Module cabin and the Command Module cabin. EAGLE The Eagle has wings. 0000006560 00000 n At some point between 10 and 30 hours, Buzz begins to transmit video to Earth. 2 minutes from time of predicted acquisition of the Apollo 11 spacecraft. The Atlantic Ocean dominates the view with the South American continent at the lower part of the globe. Liftoff! 0000007795 00000 n SC You’re seeing Earth as we see it out our left-hand window, just a little more than a half Earth. If the valve is in any other position, then the gauge reading is meaningless. L'agence spatiale américaine, la NASA, remplit ainsi l'objectif fixé par le président John F. Kennedy en 1961 de poser un équipage sur la Lune avant la fin de la décennie 1960. North is right and the African continent is prominent. 0000001637 00000 n Given that burn, we expect an orbit of 61 by 169.2 … Day 1, part 4: Navigation and Housekeeping. This is Apollo Control at 102 hours, 12 minutes into the flight of Apollo 11. <<5ED51F7B7E301344B525CE92AF90E89F>]/Prev 56751/XRefStm 989>> the pressure in the combustion chamber as a result of burning) is 95 to 105 psi (655 to 724 kPa). 0000009023 00000 n 867 0 obj <> endobj Image by LPI, AS11-36-5359 - Earth at about 210,000 km or 113,500 nautical miles. APOLLO 11 DAY TWO. 0000000989 00000 n CAPCOM Roger, Neil. That's the midcourse navigation. The Passive Thermal Control being re-established by Apollo 11 is at the rate of three-tenths of a degree per second which would be three rotations per hour. Apollo 11, U.S. spaceflight in which astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first people to walk on the Moon. 0000001189 00000 n With William F. Naumann. Image by LPI, AS11-36-5355 - Earth at about 182,500 km or 98,500 nautical miles. It is possible for Mission Control to remotely switch the antenna but often they request that the crew carry make the switch. CAPCOM Roger. %PDF-1.3 %���� On July 21, 1969 some strange phenomena occurred in parts of the USA and made many Americans go crazy. Day 3 . The Atlantic Ocean dominates the view with the South American continent at the lower part of the globe. This is Apollo Control; 21 hours, 38 minutes Ground Elapsed Time. Apollo 11 passes into Earth's shadow at 194:36:41 and around that time, Buzz takes some 16-mm footage of a very thin crescent disappearing into black. Also visible are Arabia, Asia and Europe, particularly Spain. When Mike attempted to carry out a navigation exercise before their sleep period, it didn't go too well. Apollo 11 is a 2019 American documentary film edited, produced and directed by Todd Douglas Miller. It’s available in 4K and HDR and is one of the most amazing films I’ve ever seen. 887 0 obj <>stream The film consists solely of archival footage, including 70 mm film previously unreleased to the public, and does not feature narration, interviews or modern recreations. This dish antenna can automatically track a ground station by sensing when it is going slightly off track. On awakening, the crew of Apollo 11 receive some updates to their Flight Plan, and perform some spacecraft maintenance activities. It was done by NASA, the American space group. Make sure to watch APOLLO 11 directed/edited by Todd Miller for the most immersive experience that covers the entire 9-day journey. That can be seen in the first part of the clip below – the remainder of the clip is discussed later, after 195:03:06. The Atlantic Ocean dominates the view with the South American continent at the lower part of the globe. CapCom Bruce McCandless is passing up some changes in the procedures for this navigational operation. Astronauts report it feels good. That was a good burn. It’s really superb. Delta-V; 2,917 feet per second [889 m/s]. 0000004003 00000 n Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that first landed humans on the Moon.Commander Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin formed the American crew that landed the Apollo Lunar Module Eagle on July 20, 1969, at 20:17 UTC (14:17 CST).Armstrong became the first person to step onto the lunar surface six hours and 39 minutes later on July 21 at 02:56 UTC; Aldrin joined him 19 minutes later. That's Jim Lovell, the commander of the backup Apollo 11 crew communicating with Apollo 11 at the present time. Neil Armstrong a également, en posant le pied sur la Lune, prononcé une phrase devenue célèbre : 1. We are showing an orbit now of 107 by 105.7 nautical miles and an orbital period of 1 hour, 28 minutes, 30 seconds. Apollo 11 Highlights . Get the latest updates on NASA missions, watch NASA TV live, and learn about our quest to reveal the unknown and benefit all humankind. Apollo 11 was the culmination of the Apollo program and a massive national commitment by the United States to beat the Soviet Union in putting people on the Moon. The color’s not too (garbled) at least on this set. By measuring the rotation of the planet between the last two images, it appears that 5355 was taken about 13 minutes after 5354. Apollo 11: This past week marked the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11. Apollo 11 was the first flight to send people to the moon. 0000005218 00000 n N, U, N, K, I. Apollo 11 is now in Program 52 which is re-alignment of the platform prior to beginning the cislunar navigation operation. We see you in there. Velocity 5,256 feet per second [1,602 m/s]. In other words, a mere 3-second burn of the SPS engine at this stage of the coast will change the height at which they pass above the Moon's far side by over 200 kilometres, an illustration of the sensitivity of celestial mechanics. The sextant's arrangement has a fixed line of sight which can be rotated 360° around a shaft, giving the shaft angle. That’s one small s… 0000000716 00000 n At 57 hours, 4 minutes; this is Mission Control, Houston. AS11-36-5358 - Earth at about 210,000 km or 113,500 nautical miles. This clip is kindly donated by Mark Gray. Postmarked way back in 1969, 50 years on, these incredibly nostalgic original First Day Covers are now very hard to find. As they manoeuvre, the signal from the spacecraft weakens and becomes noisier. EAGLE Looking good. It is worth noting that with the objectives of the optics being mounted on the upper part of the CM's conical surface, the LM actually obscures a substantial amount of their field of view. One of these near-identical images, perhaps 5354 as it seems to be marginally sharper, has been widely reproduced as one of the most famous Earth photographs taken during the Apollo program, and was extensively used by the environmental movement. AS11-36-5352 - Earth at about 181,000 km or 98,000 nautical miles. The crew switch their communications to operate through one of the Command Module's omnidirectional antenna, Omni A. That was Buzz Aldrin giving the description of what he could see on the Earth. That will then become the starting point for Mike's P23 determination of the state vector. 0000000016 00000 n On July 20, 1969, Armstrong and Aldrin became the first humans to land on the moon, while Collins stayed in orbit around the Moon. Twenty seconds and counting. Day 5 . He also commanded the Gemini 12 flight in which Buzz Aldrin was his pilot. North is approximately up with the Greenland icecap visible. Note that the pressure gauge that Mike is reading is only connected across either side of the forward hatch when the Tunnel Vent Valve is in its "LM/CM Delta-P" position. Google Arts & Culture features content from over 2000 leading museums and archives who have partnered with the Google Cultural Institute to bring the world's treasures online. Image by LPI, AS11-36-5361 - Earth at about 210,000 km or 113,500 nautical miles. They make their first Midcourse Correction by firing the Service Module engine, photograph the Earth, and listen to some music over lunch. Your lowly editor had determined that the crew are listening to 'Angel of the Morning' by Merrillee Rush and the Turnabouts which was a hit in 1968. Remarkably, the master die used to create the stamp actually travelled to the Moon’s surface on board the Apollo 11 module with Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin! This documentary tries to find what really happened. This is Apollo Control. There are no communciations with Apollo 11 for 50 minutes, while the crew have lunch. The regularly scheduled time for the television transmission is 6:47 pm Central Daylight Time, and we are anticipating that that transmission will occur as scheduled. How does it look? At that time the spacecraft will be 104,350 [nautical] miles [193,256 km] from both the Earth and the Moon. Spain and western Sahara are near the terminator. Strictly speaking, it is the difference in pressure between the tunnel and the CM cabin. Voici 11 anecdotes surprenantes sur la mission Apollo 11. More specifically, Mission Control had given him accurate attitude angles that ought to have placed this at the substellar point, a point that is the nearest or furthest point on the planet's limb from the star with which the angle is being measured. Also visible are Arabia, Asia and Europe, particularly Spain. It focuses on the 1969 Apollo 11 mission, the first spaceflight from which men walked on the Moon. It appeared in many prominent publications, including on the cover of the best-selling Penguin paperback. Also visible are Arabia, Asia and Europe, particularly Spain. This latter axis derives it name from the supporting cylinders that emanate from the sides of an old-fashioned cannon to allow it to pivot in altitude. In Mission Control, the backup commander of Apollo 11, Jim Lovell, has temporarily taken the CapCom position. North is approximately up with the Greenland icecap visible. And Bruce McCandless is back on the CapCom console now. Durant la mission, Neil Armstrong et Buzz Aldrin (Michael Collins n’ayant pas quitté Eagle, le module lunaire ou véhicule qui les a transportés jusqu’à la Lune) ont notamment posé un drapeau américain sur la Lune, installé un réflecteur laser (pour calculer facilement la distance Terre-Lune) et un sismomètre (pour mesurer les vibrations sur sol), et récolté environ 20 kgd’échantillons du sol lunaire. Day 2 . TM is short for telemetry. NASA.gov brings you the latest images, videos and news from America's space agency. This is Apollo Control at 139 hours. Animation of AS11-36-5354 and 5355 to show the rotation of the planet between the two photos. PAO Buzz Aldrin reporting that he’s halfway into the LM. Tower clear. We have a liftoff ... 32 minutes past the hour, liftoff on Apollo 11. He did say that he did break this rule on several occasions, using shots from Apollo 8's propulsive push rather than Apollo 11's but that he would document where he used different clips from other launches. The normal range for combustion pressure (i.e. When water is dumped from the spacecraft, it has a tiny propulsive effect that affects the spacecraft's trajectory. AS11-36-5356 - Earth at about 205,000 km or 111,000 nautical miles. July 17, 1969. 11 anecdotes surprenantes sur Apollo 11. North is approximately up with the Greenland icecap visible. Image by LPI, AS11-36-5353 - Earth at about 181,000 km or 98,000 nautical miles. Apollo 11 - Day 3 (Full Mission)18th July 1969 - This video starts at GET 43h 29m and covers the third day of the flight. The crew of Apollo 11 is in the rest period. Noun 87 presents the optics calibration data. Europe in on the left with the Mediterranean Sea and western Sahara Further right. It's grown quite quiet here in Mission Control. is view is inside the H LM cabin. Aldrin and Mission Control are essentially comparing readings of the same parameter. Your browser does not support the audio element. Over. Star 01 is Alpheratz (Alpha Andromedae). The backup Lunar Module Pilot Fred Haise is also in the Control Center at the present time. Apollo 11 Command Module pilot Michael Collins spent part of July 17, 1969 describing to a TV audience how astronauts eat while in space. Spain and western Sahara are near the terminator. CAPCOM Roger. Spain and western Sahara are near the terminator. The Atlantic Ocean dominates the view with the South American continent at the lower part of the globe. Diagram to show the substellar points for near and far horizons. Sounds from Apollo 11 "We have a liftoff": Commentary: Thirty seconds and counting. 0000010147 00000 n In the middle of this pause, there seems to be some very low-level modulation that might be Buzz trying to talk on the air/ground. Europe in on the left with the Mediterranean Sea and western Sahara Further right. Download MP3 audio file. Some 51 minutes remaining in the scheduled sleep period for the crew of Apollo 11. We got aif you wi, ll give 2 and data, we got the for loads you. SC Hey, we’re about to open our hatch now. From these sightings, he determines how far the platform has drifted since the last P52 15 hours ago. In the last couple of hours of their second day in space, the crew of Apollo 11 return their spacecraft to the Passive Thermal Control roll, they try to observe a laser fired at them through a telescope in Texas, then they settle down for the night. Apollo 11 now being tracked by the tracking station at Madrid. Image by LPI, AS11-36-5354 - Earth at about 181,000 km or 98,000 nautical miles. 0000007168 00000 n CAPCOM Hey, that’s a great shot right there. 0000005181 00000 n EAGLE Your Eagle’s undocked. This is Apollo Control. In the next chapter, they resume viewing the Earth as the spacecraft rotates in Passive Thermal Control mode. Those cylinders were known as trunnions and engineers took this term for the sextant's tilting arrangement and therefore we get a trunnion angle for the star line of sight which can be up to 50° away from the fixed line of sight. CAPCOM 11, we’re really amazed at the quality of the picture up in the tunnel. It was set to the value of Delta-V. This display is static. When the spacecraft is in a relatively stable attitude, communications are usually via the High Gain Antenna as long as Earth is within the range of its articulation. Image by LPI. This midcourse maneuver should reduce the pericynthion of Apollo 11's trajectory from the present 175 nautical miles [324 km] to 60 nautical miles [111 km]. Having 'zeroed the optics' which brings the shaft angle to its centre, zero-degrees parking position, the procedure requires that a star be viewed through the sextant's fixed line of sight (known as LLOS or Landmark Line Of Sight in the documentation). Star 37 is Nunki. The second day of the Apollo 11 mission saw the spacecraft on course for the moon. North is right and the African continent is prominent. As Buzz talks to Mission Control, music can be faintly heard in the background each time he keys his microphone. To take the PAO's explanation further, star 40 is Altair (Alpha Aquilae). However, since a valve in the LM's overhead hatch has been deliberately left open, the reading will reflect the pressure in the LM cabin also. It is unclear what Buzz means by 'P23 damage'. Jim Lovell is referring to his and Buzz's flight in Gemini 12. T-25 seconds. You can relive NASA's historic Apollo 11 mission as it happened with two amazing livestreams this month courtesy of ApolloinRealTime.org's Ben Feist and Space.com partner Simulation Curriculum! This is required because only one horizon will be visible depending on which side of the planet is illuminated by the Sun. startxref A flight dynamics officer reports that, in terms of distance, Apollo 11 will reach the half-way mark at 25 hours, 0 minutes, 53 seconds. North is right and the African continent is prominent. This is Apollo Control. This is Apollo Control. The trunnion angle is then reduced to bring the image of the same star through the Star Line Of Sight (SLOS) to be superimposed on the LLOS image. This is a comparison of the actual and measured angles between these two stars. Come the time of the midcourse correction burn, it is vital that the spacecraft be in the correct attitude so that the force applied by the engine will be in the right direction. 0000005462 00000 n 12, 11, 10, 9 ... ignition sequence start ... 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0 ... All engines running. Apollo 11 Highlights . We're now 2 minutes, 53 seconds from reacquiring the spacecraft; 21 minutes, 23 seconds from the beginning of the powered descent to the lunar surface. McCandless has asked for a Verb 66 which is an instruction to make a copy of the state vector that is in the CSM slots of the computer and put it in the LM slots. At the present time, Apollo 11 is 178,236 nautical miles [330,093 km] from Earth, and the velocity has dropped down now to 3,146 feet per second [959 m/s]. Mike is carrying out a realignment of the spacecraft's guidance platform using Program 52 in the computer. 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